Asthmatic bronchitis is not contagious but however a patient of the disease may be super imposed by bacterial or viral infection. Such a patient with superimposed infection may spread virus or bacteria which can cause an acute attack of asthma in a patient with asthmatic bronchitis.
Asthmatic bronchitis refers to inflammation of bronchial tubes along which causes obstruction in the air flowing to the lungs from the nose after one breathes in. This is a chronic disease and as such has no permanent cure.
Reasons for Asthmatic Bronchitis
The reasons for asthmatic bronchitis are mainly tobacco smoke and exposure to the different toxins in the air that we breathe. Pollen grains, dust, pollution, chemical irritants may give rise to such a condition.
Asthmatic bronchitis is basically an antibody mediated reaction and occurs as a result of process called hypersensitivity reaction. When a person is exposed to a foreign body an antibody mediated reaction takes place. Body keeps a memory of such reaction. When the person is again exposed to such a substance, the body brings out a faster and massive response from the previous memory. This is what knows as hypersensitivity reaction. Such reactions cause inflammation of the airways and airways get swollen as an outcome of inflammation. The lumen of the air tubes become smaller in diameter, ultimately causing airflow obstruction to lungs, manifesting as shortness of breath or respiratory distress. Respiratory infections are the most common cause of bronchitis, while cigarette smoking is the predominant cause of bronchitis. Respiratory infections occur by droplet infection. Droplets of cough containing huge load of virus or bacteria is the medium that spreads infection when an apparently healthy person comes in close contact with an infected person or uses same handkerchief, towel or other personal things. But, the fact to be noted is infection transmits, not the bronchial reaction. Now this transmitted infection may develop an acute reaction.
Asthmatic bronchitis is commonly seen in smokers. Tobacco smoking can heavily increase airway resistance creating constriction in the passage ways. It acts as a common risk factor for acute exhalation leading to the chronic disease. Due to smoking exhilaration level in reduced to one second per volume. This cause a blockage in the bronchial tubes as well as it cause the heart to pump more blood following which the heart gets tired faster and there are chances even for artery blockage. So the prior step in dealing with asthmatic bronchitis is that the patient should stop smoking.
As already said above, asthmatic bronchitis is not a contagious disorder by itself. However, it should be taken in notice that viral bronchitis can be contagious for the initial 2-4 days. As the maximum symptoms of any respiratory disorder are more or less similar, it is important to consult the doctor immediately in case any symptoms are seen or observed in a patient. This will help in diagnosing the exact cause and reason for the symptoms seen in a person.
The level of pollution in the air have been directly associated with the increased respiratory health problems among those living in affected areas. This is also confirmed by the Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch of the National Centre of Environmental Health.
Stages of relief:
Rest is the best cure for any disease. Especially as this is an infection of the lungs there is a tendency of loosing energy and drowsiness and tiredness. There should be no external exertion caused to the body. Any form of exercise at this time can increase the infection instead of bringing relief. Hence, biking, dancing, swimming, and cycling should be avoided stopped till there is an initial relief. So the needs of the body should be paid head to. The first few days when the lungs feel heavy and out of breath rest is the only way to get rid of the tiredness. When the infection stops all sorts of appointment, school, college and everything else should be immediately cancelled and days off taken. Excess amount of panic attacks like too much of laughter or crying can also be a cause of asthmatic bronchitis. Hence one should not indulge in such emotional draws as well.
Drinking lots of warm fluids help extracting the cough that is set in the lungs. Warm fluids also take care of the sore throat and bring about a momentary relief. Ample fluid intake can help the body recover faster in the case of bronchitis. Warm water with honey and lemon can act as a natural medication. Honey basically is a good coating for the throat and lemon provides the vitamin C and other nutrients that the body needs. Bronchitis treatment accelerates with the help other simple treatments like taking steam air by covering the head with a towel. Herbal tea also helps in soothing the throat as well as maintaining the fluid balance of the body. Meat broth helps in filling the gap of protein in the diet of the patient. A little added olive oil and vegetables to the soup make it healthier for the body. Saltwater is also a good option both for gargling and consumption.
The intake of steam with balm or any such agent relaxes the lungs. Hot compress on the chest and head also causes some amount of relief. There are cough syrups and chewable tablets to help bring out the set cough in the chest. The cough should be let out and not suppressed. There are other medication possibilities such as inhalers or puffs that have bronchodilators and corticosteroids.
Asthma patients should be kept away from dust or any such thing that causes breathlessness and increases chances of allergies. Excess amount of sneezing or coughing due to allergy or bronchitis easily leads one to an attack of asthma which can get seriously harmful and often demands the patient to be admitted on an emergency to the hospital.
Hence there are various causes for asthmatic bronchitis. But in sure sense it is not a contagious disease.